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Maryland State Tree
The White Oak
Maryland's State Tree is the White Oak. It was symbolized by the Wye Oak that stood at Wye Mills on Maryland's Eastern Shore. It was more than 100 feet high, had a branch spread of 165 feet and a circumference of 31 feet, 10 inches. It was one of the largest in the world. On June 7, 2002, it was felled by powerful thunderstorms that also downed power lines throughout the area.
Normally not a very tall tree, typically 20-25 m tall at maturity, it nonetheless becomes quite massive and its branches are apt to reach far out laterally parallel to the ground. Some very large specimens can be found, the tallest known being 44 m tall; conversely, specimens at high altitude may only be small shrubs. It has been known to live over five hundred years. The bark is a light ash-gray and somewhat peeling, variously from the top, bottom and/or sides.
The Oak tree's leaves have 7 to 9 rounded points which resemble finger like lobes. In May and early June male flowers appear in slender catkins. Female flowers are not noticeable to the naked eye. The Oak tree's seeds are commonly known as acorns, they are small oval shaped nuts with a cap and they are mostly eaten by squirrels ,chipmunks and deer.
The White oak is fairly tolerant of a variety of habitats, and may be found on ridges, in valleys, and in between, and in dry and moist habitats, and in moderately acid and alkaline soils. It is mainly a lowland tree.
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